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    The industrial employment (standing orders) act, 1946

    The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 is Central enactment with an object to have a uniform Standing Order providing for the matters enumerated in Schedule to the Act and the provisions of the proposed Standing Orders should be in line with the Model Standing Order

    Applicability of the act

    • Every industrial establishment wherein 100 or more (in many states it is 50 or more)
    • Any industry covered by the Bombay Industrial Relations Act, 1946
    • Any industrial establishment covered by M.P Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1981 (Section 1)

    Conditions for certification of standing orders

    • Every matter to be sort our as per Schedule and Rule 2A
    • The standing orders to be in conformity with the provisions of the Act

    Submission of draft standing orders

    • Within six months from the date when the Act became applicable to an industrial establishment
    • Five copies of the Draft Standing Orders are to be submitted to the Certifying Officer under the Act (Section 3)

    Procedure for certification of the standing orders

    • The Certifying Officer to forward a copy of draft standing orders to the trade union, or in the absence of the union, to the workmen of the industry.
    • The trade union or the other representatives, as the case may be, are to be heard (Section 5)

    Matters to be provided in standing orders

    • Classification of workmen, e.g., whether permanent, temporary, apprentices, probationers, or badlis.
    • Manner of intimating to workmen periods and hours of work, holidays, pay-days and wage rates.
    • Shift working.
    • Attendance and late coming.
    • Conditions of, procedure in applying for, and the authority which may grant, leave and holidays.
    • Requirement to enter premises by certain gates, and liability to search.
    • Closing and re-opening of sections of the industrial establishments, and temporary stoppages of work and the right and liabilities of the employer and workmen arising therefrom
    • Termination of employment, and the notice thereof to be given by employer and workmen.
    • Suspension or dismissal for misconduct, and acts or omissions which constitute misconduct.
    • Means of redressal for workmen against unfair treatment or wrongful exactions by the employer or his agents or servants.
    • Additional Matters
      • Service Record – Matters relating to service card, token tickets, certification of service, change of residential address of workers and record of age
      • Confirmation
      • Age of retirement
      • Transfer
      • Medical aid in case of Accident
      • Medical Examination
      • Secrecy Exclusive service [Section 2(g), 3(2) and Rule 2A]

    Date of operation of standing orders

    On the date of expiry of 30 days from certification or on the expiry of 7 days from authentication of Standing Orders (Section 7)

    Posting of standing orders

    The text of the standing orders as finally certified shall prominently be posted in English or in the language understood by majority of workmen on special board at or near the entrance for majority of workers (Section 9)

    Temporary application of model standing orders

    Temporary application of mod standing orders shall be deemed to be adopted till the standing orders as submitted are certified. (Section 12-A)

    Payment of subsistence allowance to the suspended workers

    • At the rate of fifty per cent, of the wages which the workman was entitled to immediately preceding the date of such suspension, for the first ninety days of suspension.
    • At the rate of seventy-five percent of such wages for the remaining period of suspension if the delay in the completion of disciplinary proceedings against such workman is not directly attributable to the conduct such workman(Section 10-A)


    • Failure of employer to submit draft Standing Orders fine of Rs.5000 and Rs.200 for every day on continuation of offence.
    • Fine of Rs.100 on contravention and on continuation of offence Rs.25 for every day (Section 13)